Nutrient Insufficiency and Solutions in Plants
Plants are living things attached to the soil. It depends on the presence of water and nutrients in the environment in which they live.
Soil has a large number of mineral substances, but their quantities are not always at an adequate level. In particular, the soil on which the plant is grown becomes poorer in terms of nutrients over time. Mineral nutrients that are reduced in the soil must be supplemented in order to obtain sufficient amount and quality of products from the cultivated plants.
The pros of the plant nutrition begins here. In order to get the nutrients from the roots of the plants, they must first have a good root system.The plants take water and nutrients by their capillary roots. This makes it easier for the nutrient intake of a plant that has formed a good fringe root.
The availability of nutrients through roots depends on the availability of the elements. The elements shown in the figures are absolutely necessary elements for plant growth Macro and micro names should not be construed as requiring more or less of one.
While macro nutrients are taken more by plant, micronutrients are taken less.
Whichever is not taken enough by the plant, the quantity and quality of the product is affected negatively.
The source of nitrogen in the soil is organic matter and the free nitrogen of the air, the nitrogen turns into the form of ammonium and nitrate, which some chemical events can benefit from the ending plants.
Nitrogen is the basic building blocks of plants and allows the development of vegetative auxiliaries.
Some of the developmental defects and problems come to the fore in plants with deficiency and excess.Extensive vegetative growth period in excess nitrogen plants.Green parts, branches and shoots are bigger and longer.Insect damage, mushroom disease becomes more vulnerable.
Delaying flowering, generative development is weak. In fruit, late maturation comes to the scene.Their ability to store is reduced and they are more vulnerable to storage diseases.
Lack of nitrogen is a pale light green appearance. In the case of severe deficiency, chlorosis occurs on the leaves, which is in the old leaves.The period of vegetative development is shortened. The plants mature early. It blooms early and ages prematurely.
Due to the fact that the nitrogen is an easily washed fertilizer, the nitrogen present in the soil is hardly taken into consideration. Different methods can be used to determine the amount of fertilizer to be given.
Phosphorus is almost stationary in the soil, only a fraction of the plants can be taken.
Depending on the type and amount of clay in the soil, a considerable part of the soil is trapped by the soil.
Despite its immobility in the soil, it is quite mobile within the plant. It can be transported from roots to roots and leaves.
Phosphorus plants have physiological functions such as energy storage, transport and transport of nutrients.
Increases flowering and fruitiness.
Provides the formation of the fringe root, is effective in germination of seeds.
It is the building blocks of genes and chromosomes.
Especially the elder leaves come to the reindeer.
Provides a thick and steep leaf appearance.
Dramatic growth comes to fruition.
The bluish green or purple color formations are typical.
In the case of excess phosphorus, the removal of important elements such as Fe, Zn and Cu is prevented and indirectly damages the plant.
It is important to note that in phosphorus fertilization, the concentration of available phosphorus in the soil solution is increased.
Phosphorous fertilizers should be given as early as possible when the plant is available.
Moreover, since phosphorus is immobilized in the soil, it is a method to increase the efficiency of foliar fertilization and to give gibbinate close to the plant root region.
Phosphorus fertilization should be done in early spring and winter.
The soil is found to contain more potassium than nitrogen and phosphorus.
Potassium is taken up by plants extremely quickly and effectively, bi-directional transport is essential for younger tissues.
Approximately 80% of the plant floem essence consists of potassium.
Potassium plants provide water balance, allowing production and transport of photosynthesis products.
Especially in terms of fruits, potassium is very important. It provides a high rate of sugar, full coloration, and good quality fruit formation.
Potassium deficiency is more common in plants grown on sandy lightly textured soils.
Potassium deficiency indication is not immediately visible.
Firstly, there is growth retardation, followed by chlorosis and necrosis.
The symptoms are found primarily in the old leaves because in the case of deficiency potassium in the old leaves is transported to young leaves.
In case of severe deficiency, the leaves may become black.
It is expected that Mg and Ca deficiency will occur with high probability of potassium excess.
The necessity of potassium fertilization should be determined as a result of soil analysis.
The application should be done near the root zone. Winter time and early spring should be preferred as the application time.